Andy Warhol, 1928-1987, was an American artist and a prominent figure in the pop art movement. He used a broad range of media, among which were painting, drawing, printmaking, silkscreen printing and photography.
Gaining fame through ink-blot drawings in the 1950s, Warhol was hired by RCA Records to design album covers. He began exhibiting his work during these years in New York galleries. In 1962, his solo pop-art exhibition in the Stable Gallery in New York showed such works as Marilyn Diptych and 100 Soup Cans. Throughout the 1960s, Warhol produced images of quintessentially American objects - ranging from homely soup cans to the menace of the mushroom cloud - and celebrities. In 1964, the exhibition The American Supermarket showed the work of several controversial artists, with Warhol's Campbell Soup I going on sale.
Warhol caused widespread controversy by embracing consumerist culture, seen by some as a 'business artist' and by others as a genius who moulded himself to the society of his time.