Marc Chagall, 1887-1985, was a Russian artist who also lived in France and the United States.
After studying in St Petersburg, Chagall spent time in Paris where he met the avant-garde circle which included Leger and Modigliani. On returning to his native Vitebsk, the fantastical elements of his work upset authorities who preferred realism and social messages in art. Several years later he moved back to Paris and met the great art dealer Vollard for whom he illustrated the Fables of La Fontaine. He later travelled to the USA, then finally settled back in France, near Nice.
Chagall was a prolific painter and book illustrator, also designing for theatre and stained glass. He is widely considered to be one of the great masters.